Labour Force and Employment

The Western Region, which includes Digby, is home to a labour force that is over 26,000 persons strong. As illustrated in the Table below, the region’s labour participation rate and employment rate are both lower than the Nova Scotia figures. The unemployment rate is above that of the province.

Characteristic

Western Region

Labourshed*

Nova Scotia

Total population, aged 15 years and older

44,737

69,063

828,846

In the labour force11

26,643

39,809

525,462

Employed

23,430

34,798

477,642

Unemployed

3,212

5,011

47,821

Not in the labour force

18,095

29,254

303,383

Participation rate %

59.6

57.6

63.4

Unemployment rate %

12.1

12.7

9.1

Employment rate %

52.4

50.4

57.6

*Labourshed data consists of the Western Region, as well as neighbouring Annapolis and Shelburne counties. Source: Western REN from Manifold Data Mining Inc. Superdemographics (2016)

Labour force

Refers to the total number of employed and unemployed persons aged 15 and over.

Employed

Refers to persons who:

  1. Did any work at all at a job or business, that is, paid work in the context of an employer-employee relationship, or self-employment. It also includes persons who did unpaid family work, which is defined as unpaid work contributing directly to the operation of a farm, business or professional practice owned and operated by a related member of the same household;
  2. Had a job but were not at work due to factors such as their own illness or disability, personal or family responsibilities, vacation or a labour dispute. This category excludes persons not at work because they were on layoff or between casual jobs, and those who did not then have a job (even if they had a job to start at a future date).

Unemployed

Refers to persons who were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either:

  1. Had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks;
  2. Were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
  3. Had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Participation rate

The participation rate is the labour force, expressed as a percentage of the total population

Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate is the number of the population of unemployed, expressed as a percentage of the labour force. Employment rate - The employment rate is the number of employed persons aged 15 and over, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that group.

Source: Western REN from Human Resources and Skills Development Canada's Labour Market Information Service (2016)

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